How to Undo the Most Recent Local Commits in Git?

How to Undo the Most Recent Local Commits in Git

In Git, a commonly faced situation is the need to undo a commit. Whether you’ve just committed an error, included incomplete work, or simply need to revert to a previous state, Git provides several commands to undo these changes. We’ll explore methods like git undo commit, git reset commit, and others to handle this task.

Methods to Undo Commits


1. Using git reset to Undo Local Commits


The git reset command is a versatile tool for undoing local commits. It comes in three main flavors: soft, mixed, and hard.

Soft Reset


A soft reset (git soft reset last commit) will undo your last commit but keep your changes staged:

git reset --soft HEAD~1

Mixed Reset


The default mode, mixed reset (git reset last commit), undoes the commit and unstages your changes:

git reset HEAD~1

Hard Reset


A hard reset (git reset commit) will undo your commits and discard all changes:

git reset --hard HEAD~1

2. Using git revert for Safe Undo


If you want to undo a commit but keep your history intact, use git revert:

git revert HEAD

This command (revert last commit git) creates a new commit that undoes the changes made in the last commit. It’s safe for shared branches as it doesn’t alter history.

3. Removing the Last Commit from a Branch


If you need to delete the last commit, you can use:

git reset --hard HEAD~1

This command (git remove last commit) not only undoes the last commit but also removes the changes from your working directory.

4. Undoing Multiple Commits


To undo several commits, specify how many commits you want to undo:

git reset --hard HEAD~[number_of_commits]

5. Undoing a Commit in a Public Branch


If your commit is already pushed and you want to undo it, it’s safer to use git revert:

git revert [commit_hash]

This creates a new commit (github undo commit) that undoes the changes made in the specified commit.

Additional Considerations

  • Avoid git reset --hard on Public Branches: This can cause problems for collaborators since it rewrites history.

  • Preserving Changes for Later: If you want to keep the changes for later use, consider git reset --soft or stashing your changes.

  • Undoing Non-Recent Commits: To undo a commit that’s not the most recent, git revert is the safest option.

  • Working with Remote Repositories: Remember, if you’ve already pushed your commit, you’ll need to force push after a reset, which is not recommended for shared branches.



Undoing commits in Git can be done in various ways, such as git undo local commit, undo last commit, or git revert local commit, each serving different purposes and workflows. Understanding these commands and their implications is crucial for effective version control and collaboration in Git development.


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Shehar Yar


Shehar Yar is an experienced software developer and digital marketer specializing in Progressive Web Apps, Mobile App development, Marketplace development, Web Solutions & Systems, and SEO. With over 8 years of experience, Shehar delivers top-quality solutions that drive business success for his clients. He is a skilled communicator and collaborator, dedicated to exceeding his clients' expectations. Contact Shehar today to help your business grow and thrive.

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